Know the causes of night cramps:

  • poor posture;
  • cold ;
  • intense physical effort causing a lack of mineral salts;
  • dehydration;
  • joint problems in the foot or knee;
  • the pregnancy ;
  • a deficiency of certain minerals (calcium, magnesium, potassium);

Athletes, seniors and pregnant women are the most affected. Intensive physical effort, poorly done (or skipped) stretches, a lack of hydration or a deficiency in mineral salts are often responsible.

If a cramp from time to time is nothing to worry about, their multiplication or the persistence of the pain are warning signs. It is then necessary to consult. This makes it possible to check that the cramps do not hide a more serious pathology, such as venous insufficiency or rheumatic disorders.

The best thing is to prevent them . 

By drinking 1.5 liters of water per day, choosing mineral waters rich in mineral salts and adopting a balanced diet, in particular by stocking up on fruits and vegetables so as not to lack potassium, magnesium or calcium. A course of capsules can also help. Finally, it is important to ease up on tobacco, alcohol, tea and coffee.

Athletes should make sure to warm up before exercise, and stretch afterwards. Pregnant women should avoid deficiencies by eating a varied diet.

Little tips:

- Walk barefoot on a cold floor (tile type).

- Take a cold shower, moving the jet from bottom to top over the calf. Finish with a jet of hot water, which will release the spasm.

- Place a cushion under the calves and feet to sleep. This promotes venous circulation at night.

- Do a pedaling movement with your legs every evening before going to bed